Christmas in Portugal wouldn't be complete without the glorious presence of Bolo Rei, or King's Cake, on the table. This culinary treasure is a tradition that has captured the hearts of the Portuguese over the years.

So, in this article, we embark on a journey through the history and tradition of this emblematic cake, unraveling the mysteries of its origin and exploring why it's so beloved at this time of year. Since its introduction in the mid-19th century, Bolo Rei has become an unmistakable symbol of the Christmas season in Portugal.

Let's explore how this delicacy has evolved over time, remaining a central element of Christmas celebrations. Over the decades, different versions of Bolo Rei have emerged, each with unique characteristics that reflect the diversity of Portuguese cuisine.

Thus, we dive into the various types of Bolo Rei that grace tables across the country. From traditional to contemporary, each variety carries distinct flavors and textures, providing a unique experience with every bite.

And because we want to share the joy of this Christmas treasure with you, we'll reveal our exclusive recipe for traditional Bolo Rei. From selected ingredients to step-by-step preparation techniques, allow yourself to enter the kitchen and create this festive masterpiece in the comfort of your home.

Preparing to unveil the secrets and delights of Bolo Rei? Then, keep reading to explore the origin, diversity, and, of course, the art of making this unforgettable cake that unites Portuguese families during the festive season. The Christmas tradition has never tasted so good!

The Origin of Bolo Rei

The origin of Bolo Rei dates back to the reign of Louis XIV in France, where it was born as "Gâteau des Rois," a celebration marking both New Year's festivities and Epiphany. However, this delicacy arrived in Portugal in the second half of the 19th century and was an instant success.

Baltazar Rodrigues Castanheiro Júnior, heir of Confeitaria Nacional, played a crucial role in introducing Bolo Rei to Portuguese lands. Confeitaria Nacional, recognized as the first to bake this cake in the country, triggered overwhelming success that echoes in Portuguese Christmas celebrations to this day.

The growing popularity of Bolo Rei transcended Confeitaria Nacional's borders, inspiring various bakeries to follow suit, becoming an annual tradition. Each establishment put its unique signature on it, contributing to the diversity of this festive cake.

Curious about the types of Bolo Rei? Keep reading!

Types of King's Cake

Bolo Rei comes in various types, each with unique characteristics. So, when we talk about Bolo Rei, it's essential to know your preference.

The Traditional Bolo Rei is closest to the French version, incorporating dried fruits like raisins and pine nuts, as well as crystallized fruits, providing a rich mix of textures and flavors. On the other hand, Boo Rainha, or Queen's Cake, stands out by celebrating dried fruits while omitting crystallized fruits for those who prefer a drier, concentrated flavor.

An interesting alternative is the Bolo Rei Entrançado, also known as Trança de Natal. While maintaining the essence of the traditional Bolo Rei, it surprises with its braided presentation, bringing a unique elegance to the Christmas table.

For lovers of sweet eggs, the Bolo Rei de Ovos Moles is an irresistible choice, combining the delicious Bolo Rei with the indulgent flavor of ovos moles, or soft eggs. As for the Bolo Rei Escangalhado, with its rectangular shape and absence of crystallized fruits, it is generous with dried fruits, chila sweet, and custard filling, creating a unique experience!

For those seeking an even more indulgent experience, the Bolo Rei de Chocolate quickly won the hearts and tables of the Portuguese, with a chocolate-scented version enriching this Christmas tradition. In other words, this variety of options makes Bolo Rei a versatile choice for all tastes this festive season.

Our Traditional Bolo Rei Recipe

Want to make Bolo Rei Tradicional at home? Then we don't mind sharing our family recipe! Although the recipe is a bit laborious, believe that the taste is well worth it.

Here it goes:


  • 500g of wheat flour

  • 100g of sugar

  • 100g of butter

  • 50g of baker's yeast

  • 100ml of warm milk

  • 3 eggs

  • 100g of crystallized fruits

  • 100g of dried fruits (pine nuts, walnuts, almonds)

  • Zest of 1 orange

  • 1 glass of port wine

  • Pinch of salt


Dissolve the baker's yeast in warm milk and set aside for 10 minutes.

In a large bowl, mix the flour, sugar, melted butter, beaten eggs, port wine, and salt.

Add the yeast mixture to the prepared and knead well until a homogeneous dough is obtained.

Incorporate the crystallized fruits, dried fruits, and orange zest into the dough. Continue kneading until all ingredients are well distributed.

Form a ball with the dough and let it rise in a warm, covered place for about 2 hours, or until doubled in size.

After rising, knead the dough again to remove the air.

Shape the dough into a crown and place it on a tray lined with parchment paper.

Let it rise again for about 1 hour until the dough has grown.

Preheat the oven to 180°C.

Bake the King's Cake for approximately 30 to 40 minutes or until golden brown.

Remove from the oven, let it cool, and if desired, decorate with powdered sugar before serving.

Now you're ready to savor this Portuguese Christmas classic!

Before we finish, we suggest you check out other famous Portuguese recipes, such as Pastéis de Nata, and explore 100% Portuguese products on

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